Reconciliation Action Plan (RAP) framework

RESPECT is fundamental to our reconciliation pathways and is a key factor to developing positive relationships and opportunities with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. We will ensure that we build awareness, understanding and respect for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and peoples by embracing the histories, knowledge and lessons they share.

Welcome to Country/ Acknowledgement to Country
Acknowledgement of Country and Welcome to Country 
Acknowledgement of Country and Welcome to Country Fact Sheet 
Welcome to Country RAP Action 
NATSICC Welcome to Country 
Oxfam Welcome to Country 
Acronyms and respectful Languages

Guidelines around using respectful and inclusive language and terminology refer to:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Map


Map can be found:

Aboriginal Flag

Aboriginal Flag

AIATSIS The map is an attempt to represent the language, tribal or nation groups of the Aboriginal peoples of Australia. Aboriginal groups were included on the map based on the published resources available between 1988 and 1994 which determine the cultural, language and trade boundaries and relationships between groups.

The Aboriginal flag was designed by Harold Thomas. It was created as a symbol of unity and na­tional identity for Aboriginal people during the lands rights movement of the early 1970’s.

The symbolic meaning of the flag colours ( as stated by Harold Thomas) are:
Black -represents the Aboriginal people of Australia
Red -represents the red earth, the red ochre and a spiritual relation to the land
Yellow-represents the sun, the giver of life and protec­tor.
The flag was first flown at Victoria Square in Adelaide on National Aborigines Day, 12 July 1971. After a period of public consultation, in July 1955 the Aboriginal flag was proclaimed a ‘Flag of Australia’ under the Flags Act 1953

Torres Strait Islander Flag

Torres Strait Islander FlagThe Torres Strait Islander flag has three horizontal panels, with green at the top and bottom and blue in between. These panels are divided by thin black lines. A white Dhari (traditional head­dress) sits in the centre, with a five point star beneath it. The meanings of the colours in the flag are:
Green -represents land,
Black-represents the Indig­enous people,
Blue -represents the sea and
White -represents peace.
The Dhari represents Torres Strait Islander people and the five-pointed star represents the five island groups within the Torres Strait. The star is also the symbol for seafaring people as it is used in navigation.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags RAP Action 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Flags Fact Sheet

Calendar of events of significance for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and for reconciliation in Australia

• 26 January
• Anniversary of National Apology– 13 February
• National Close the Gap Day– March
• ANZAC Day– 25 April
• National Sorry Day– 26 May
• 1967 Referendum anniversary– 27 May
• National Reconciliation Week– 27 May to 3 June
• Mabo Day– 3 June
• NAIDOC Week– first week of July
• National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children’s Day– 4 August
• International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples– 9 August

Teach about Days of National Significance and Celebrate Days of National Significance RAP Action
Local Sites, Events and Excursions Action


Cultural awareness & culturally safe practices - Waterhole Exercise (First Nations Peoples history)

The Waterhole Exercise is an immersive, participatory experience in which you will walk through pre-contact, colonization, resistance and ongoing impacts to build understanding of our shared history as First Nations and non-First Nations peoples in Australia developed in partnership with Kairos Canada (
Contact Thelma Parker –

Cultural Competence for Staff and Cultural Competence for Students and Children RAP Action 
The Local Sites, Events and Excursions

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Identities / Languages

Red Earth
The Mission of Red Earth is “To drive reconciliation by providing Traditional Owners in Australia the means to welcome and open the hearts of young Australians to their country, culture and way of life.” 
Identity forms
Confirmation of Identity form
Confirmation of Identity and Citizenship 
Student forms – Tax File Number 
USI number to enrol in study and training
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages RAP Action 
The Who We Are film series 
Languages and Civics and Citizenship Resource Guides 
Dare to Lead Checklist 
Owning language: copyright, ethics and the development of Aboriginal language programs 
Teaching Aboriginal languages: case studies 
Across Australia from Teacher to Teacher: Traditional Aboriginal Language Program;dn=738406999139567;res=IELHSS

Understanding Indigenous Cultural Protocols

Yarning Circle the yarning circle (or dialogue circle) is an important process within Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures. It has been used to learn from a collective group, build respectful relationships, and to preserve and pass on cultural knowledge.

Protocols for  a Yarning Circle 
Torres Strait Islander Protocols 
Cultural Competence for Staff and Cultural Competence for Students and Children RAP Action 
Narragunnawali professional learning activity

Embedding Indigenous perspectives/curriculum - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ways of learning

Qld Curriculum and Assessment Authority 
 Queensland University of Technology 
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies 
Youthplus RTO 
Indigenous Literacy Foundation 
Reconciliation Australia 
YuMi Deadly Maths 
Curriculum Planning and Embed Cross-curriculum Priority RAP Action 
Subject-specific Resources Guides 
ACARA contact – Caty Morris
Holistic framework – Dr Ernie Grant 
Preparing Secondary Students for Work 
Common Ground – resources to help with Embedding 
If schools are looking at STEM / STEAM then they could look at designing a similar concept as Indigital storytelling 
Dandiiri Schools and Community Library – they lend materials to any education sector across the State and will send resources out to schools free 
Expressing culture and learning through narrative 
English 2019 – General Senior Syllabus – this syllabus is for implementation with Year 11 students in 2019 
This link provides the prescribed text lists for 2019–2021 for the English General Senior Syllabus 2019 
All of the other syllabuses for the new system can be found on the link below:

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